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Internal Market

Technical / Internal Market Directives

The New Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC applicable since 29 December 2009 provides the regulatory basis for the harmonisation of the essential health and safety requirements for machinery at EU level. This "New Approach" Directive promotes harmonisation through a combination of mandatory health and safety requirements and voluntary harmonised standards for products which are intended to be placed (or put into service) on the EU market for the first time. The majority of FEM products are covered by this directive. The new directive does not introduce radical changes but aims at consolidating the achievements of the previous directive 98/37/EC in terms of free circulation and safety of machinery while improving its application. The directive was amended in 2009 with specific provisions relating to machinery for pesticide application. 

In December 2009, the European Commission published official guidelines - first part interpreting the new directive and aiming at facilitating its implementation by EU Member States and manufacturers. In particular, it attempts to clarify market surveillance rules and the new technical requirements on marking, fixed guard, fitness for purpose...The document is being finalised (remaining annexes 3 to 11) within a Commission editorial group composed of public authorities, notified bodies and industry representatives. The FEM Task Force, itself composed of PG representatives and FEM manufacturers, contributes to the work on these guidelines to ensure that they reflect the interests of its industry.

See also

  • European Commission Frequently Asked Questions relating to the transition from the current Machinery Directive 98/37/EC to the revised Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC (temporarily unavailable)

The Outdoor Noise Directive 2000/14/EC sets out both noise limits and labelling requirements for a number of types of machines intended for outdoor use. It covers 57 types of equipment used outdoors; 22 are subject to noise limits in terms of A-weighted overall sound power, and 35 are subject to noise declaration. The noise limits were progressively applied in 2 stages, on 3 January 2002 (Stage 1) and 3 January 2006 (Stage 2). The directive was amended by Directive 2005/88/EC and the European Commission is currently preparing a revision on the basis of the NOMEVAL report on the directive and impact assessment conducted by TNO on behalf of the European Commission, published respectively at the end of 2007 and beginning of 2009, and further industry consultation and comments. A Commission proposal for a revised directive is expected mid-2010. FEM is very active in contributing to the work of the Commission in preparing for a revised directive.

The Emissions from Non-Road Mobile Machinery Directive 97/68/EC aims at approximating the laws of the Member States relating to emission standards and type-approval procedures for engines to be installed in non-road mobile machinery. Emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter from these engines are regulated before they are placed on the market. The technical feasibility of the next stages for reduction of exhaust emissions has been evaluated and a timetable has been introduced in the directive. Flexibility to go from one stage to the next is very tight and should be revised. In addition, inclusion of a "Portable Emission Measurement System" on the machines to measure emissions in-use is now being considered. The directive is subject to a technical review, and based on its results, a revision will be prepared by the Commission. As a first step, an impact assessment started in June 2008 and was completed at the beginning of 2009. Here again, FEM must contribute to this process using experts from the concerned PGs, and shape its possible strategy for 2010 when the Commission proposal for the revision will be on the table.

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Other technical / Internal Market Directives relevant to FEM products

The Electro Magnetic Compatibility Directive 2004/108/EC covers a vast range of equipment encompassing electrical and electronic appliances, systems and installations. The main objective of the Directive is to guarantee the free movement of apparatus and to create an acceptable electromagnetic environment in the Community. The directive has been applicable since 20 July 2007.

The Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC aims at ensuring that electrical equipment within certain voltage limits both provide a high level of protection for European citizens and enjoy a Single Market in the EU. It sets the requirement for electrical equipment generally designed for use with a voltage rating between 50 and 1000 v for AC and between 75 and 1500 v for DC.

The ATEX Directive 94/9/EC provides the technical requirements to be applied to equipment intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres. The Directive covers a wide range of equipment, potentially including equipment used on fixed offshore platforms, in petrochemical plants, mines, flour mills and other areas where a potentially explosive atmosphere may be present, as well as components essential for safe use and safety devices directly contributing to the safe use of the equipment in the scope.

The Temporary Work at Height Directive 2001/45/EC concerns the minimum safety and health requirements for the use of work equipment by workers at work. It places duties on employers, the self-employed, and any person who controls the work of others to the extent of their control.

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Physical Agents Directives

Directive 2003/10/EC (Noise) on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from noise.

Directive 2002/44/EC (Vibrations) on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from vibrations.

Directive 2004/40/EC (Electromagnetic Fields) on the minimum requirements for the protection of workers from risks to their health and safety arising or likely to arise from exposure to electromagnetic fields.

Directive 2006/25/EC (Artificial Optical Radiation) on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to risks arising from artificial optical radiation.

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